Professor Stephen William Hawking was born on 8 January 1942 (exactly 300 years after Galileo’s death) in Oxford, England. His father, a well-known researcher in tropical medicine, encouraged his son to pursue a career in medicine, but Stephen found biology and medicine were not enough. Therefore, he returned to study mathematics and physics. Hawking was neither a graduate student at St. Alban’s School nor at Oxford University, which he entered in 1959. He was a social teenager who did very little school work because he could quickly grasp the basics of a math or physics problem.
The beginning of Hawking’s postgraduate studies at Cambridge was a turning point in his life. He then launched an official study of cosmology, which focused on his work. And that’s when the first lou Gehrig’s disease was eventually snapped by a weakening disease of the nervous and muscular system that led to his total incarcy in a wheelchair. At Cambridge, his skills were recognised and he was encouraged to continue his studies despite his growing physical barriers. His marriage in 1965 was an important step in his emotional life. Marriage reminded him of his determination to live in the world of science and make professional progress. Hawking received his PhD in 1966. Then began a lifelong research and teaching association with the University of Cambridge.
Hawking made his first major contribution to science with the idea of singuness. Singuness is a place where some amount is infinite in space or time. Such a place is located in a black hole, the final stage of a collapsed star, where the gravitational field has final power.
Hawking, who benefited from the work of both Penrose and Albert Einstein, showed that the origins of our universe have singuness. In the beginning, all the matter in the universe would condense at a single point, becoming a very small but enormously dense object. Between 10 and 20 billion years ago, this object exploded in a huge explosion that started time and the universe. Hawking managed to produce the current astrophysical research to support the big bang theory of the origin of the universe and oppose the competing fixed state theory.
Alcause Hawking’s physical condition worsened, his intellectual achievements increased. In 1993, Hawking wrote Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays, which included chapters on Hawking’s private life as well as his scientific thoughts. He wrote his ideas from The Brief History of Time: The Big Bang to the Black Holes. It sold more than a million copies and was listed as the best-selling nonfiction book. He then celebrated the release of The Large, The Small and The Human Mind (1997) and 2002’s The Universe in a syncap. Despite declining health, Hawking is travelling on the traditional book publishing circuit. People with disabilities look at him as a hero.
When asked about his goals, Hawking said, “My goal is a full understanding of the universe, why it is and why it exists.”