Einstein was born on March 14, 1879, in Württemberg, Germany. Einstein grew up in a secular Jewish family. Einstein attended elementary school at the Luitpold Gymnasium. During his teens, Einstein penned what would be seen as his first major paper, “The Investigation of the State of Aether in Magnetic Fields.” In 1905 seen by many as a “miracle year” for the theorist, Einstein had four papers published in the Annalen der Physik, one of the best-known physics journals of the era. Two focused on the photoelectric effect and Brownian motion. The two others, which outlined E=MC2 and the special theory of relativity, were defining Einstein’s career and the course of the study of physics. Einstein’s 1905 paper on the matter/energy relationship proposed the equation E=MC2: the energy of a body (E) is equal to the mass (M) of that body times the speed of light squared (C2). This equation suggested that tiny particles of matter could be converted into huge amounts of energy, a discovery that heralded atomic power. At the time the Nazis, led by Adolf Hitler, were gaining prominence with violent propaganda against the Jews. Jewish citizens were barred from university work and other official jobs, and Einstein himself was targeted to be killed. In 1933, Einstein took on a position at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, New Jersey. Until his death on 18 April 1955 Einstein had many Works and theories ahead of his time and was a world renowned scientist. Much was debated about Einstein’s IQ however In 1999, Canadian scientists who were studying Einstein’s brain found that his inferior parietal lobe, the area that processes spatial relationships, 3D-visualization and mathematical thought, was 15 percent wider than in people who possess normal intelligence.
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